The Alfa Romeo 159 (Type 939) is a compact car from the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 2005 and 2011. It was introduced at 2005 Geneva Motor Show as a replacement for the Alfa Romeo 156. The Alfa Romeo 159 produced using the GM / Fiat Premium platform, with the Alfa Romeo Brera and Spider production car, and share with Kamal and Visconti Concept Cars. The Alfa Romeo 159 third place in the 2006 European Car of the Year Awards. Production of the Alfa Romeo 159 ended in late 2011, although it still marketed in some countries. Around 240,000 cars built.
Two black Alfa Romeo 159 (3.2 JTS V6 TI) appeared in the opening scenes of the 2008 James Bond film Quantum of Solace. She featured in the chase with James Bond’s Aston Martin DBS V12 around Lake Garda in Italy. The Alfa Romeo 159 also appeared in the 2009 films damnation and Angels and Demons. Four Alfa Romeo 159s were in the movie Johnny English Reborn, which were used to hunt presented Rowan Atkinson character. Another black 159 Welcome to the breakdown used in the 2013 film by the films lead actor James McAvoy.
Alfa Romeo 159 Development
The Alfa Romeo 159 had a troubled development, in the middle of the Fiat-GM joint venture, which was originally in 2005 which was terminated in 159, was designed GM Epsilon platform; but late during development was changed to the GM / Fiat Premium platform. (The premium platform is more refined and expensive, the E-segment upper class as an Alfa Romeo 166 followers but should never be reached, Alfa Romeo tried some of the platform development costs originally planned with the 159th General Motors recoup Cadillac, Buick and Saab models for this platform, but they end up rejected on cost grounds.) Unfortunately, the 159 late transition to what resulted basically made as e-segment platform in Alfa Romeo 159 overweight, a problem of his sisters are divided Alfa Romeo Brera coupe and Spider convertible. In 2008, changes to the interior, dashboard, instruments and materials and aluminum components have been introduced, the curb weight by 45 kg (99 lb) reduced.
As a result of his carriage platform, which is larger than its predecessor at 4660 millimeters Alfa Romeo 159 (183.4 in) in length some 225 mm (8.9 inches) longer than the Alfa 156 1828 mm (71.9 in) wide and 1,417 mm (high in 55.7). The 159 size made it much more comfortable than the 156 because of its larger, more spacious interior. However, the significant growth in dimensions deter many owners of 156 in light of the 159 as a direct replacement model. Due to the demanding premium platform, which is excluded 159, high passive safety has been achieved and the torsional stiffness of the chassis is one of the best in its class to 180,000 daNm / rad.
Alfa Romeo 159 Design
The Alfa Romeo 159 was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro in collaboration with the Centro Stile Alfa Romeo. The nose has a traditional Alfa Romeo grille and V-shaped bonnet, and cylindrical headlights cluster. Like his counterpart coupe front of the vehicle was influenced from 2002 Brera Concept by Giugiaro. Expanding a high waist line until it reaches the rear “C” column. Several exterior design elements were out of the car to appear larger, supposedly in order to appeal to potential buyers in the US; However, the 159 was never exported to the region.
The interior also features styling treatments from previous cars, including the 156, as deep instruments that are inclined towards the driver familiar. Alfa Romeo for the 159 to compete directly with BMW, Mercedes-Benz and Audi higher quality interior materials more; but was told that Alfa Romeo positioning misjudged relative to the better-known Germany luxury automaker their brand.
Alfa Romeo 159 Powertrain
The Alfa Romeo 159 is available in both front and all-wheel drive configurations. The “Q4” all-wheel drive system uses a Torsen type C double differential (front and center differential in the same unit is front differential open) and is on the 3.2-liter petrol and 2.4 liter diesel engines. The transmission is a six-speed manual transmission on most models (1.8 has a five-speed) and a six-speed automatic Q-Tronic (Aisin AW TF-80SC) is for the 1.9 diesel, 2.4 diesel and petrol 3.2 available (petrol) models. The Selespeed gearbox for sale in some countries with the 2.2 petrol (gasoline) engine. All petrol (gasoline) engines with direct fuel injection (except 1.8L), as JTS (Jet Thrust Stoichiometric) named. JTD diesels are common-rail direct injection.
Alfa Romeo 159 Safety
The Alfa Romeo 159 is equipped with seven airbags as standard, with additional knee airbags as an option. The car is also performed in rear crash protection tests, benefits from “anti-whiplash” seats.
Alfa Romeo 159 Motorsport
An Alfa Romeo 159 denied the Bathurst 12 Hour race for production cars in 2007, 2009 and 2010. In competition with the 2.4-liter JTDM engine, the alternative energy class he won in each of these three races. In addition, the Alfa Romeo 159 has been used as a safety car in various motorsport events.