The Alfa Romeo Automobiles SpA is an Italian luxury car manufacturer. As A.L.F.A. Established (Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili, English: Lombard Automobile Factory, joint stock company) on June 24, 1910 in Milan, the company has in motorsport since 1911 involved was by Italian state holding company Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale between 1932 owned and 1986, when it became a part of the Fiat Group. In February 2007, the Alfa Romeo brand was converted to the current Alfa Romeo Automobiles SpA, a subsidiary of Fiat Group Automobiles SpA.
The company, Alfa Romeo was founded as Societa Anonima Italiana Darracq (SAID) in 1906 by the French automobile company Alexandre Darracq, with some Italian investors. The end of 1909, Italian Darracq cars was selling slowly and the Italian partner of the company hired Giuseppe Merosi for the development of new cars. On 24 June 1910, a new company was formed called ALFA, initially still in partnership with Darracq. The first on-Darracq car of the company was the 1910 24 HP, designed by Morsi. A.L.F.A. ventured into motor racing, drivers Franchini and Ronzoni with competing in the 1911 Targa Florio with two 24 HP models. In August 1915, the company came under the direction of Neapolitan entrepreneur Nicola Romeo, who converted to produce military hardware for the Italian and Allied war effort in the work. In 1920, the company’s name to Alfa Romeo with the Torpedo 20-30 HP the first car to be badged as amended was.
In 1921, the Banca Italiana di Sconto which secured the Ing. Nicola Romeo & Co. went bankrupt and the government, industrial companies are involved in which Alfa Romeo, by the “Consorzio per Sovvenzioni suit Valori Industrial” support are needed. In 1925, the railway activities of the company Romeo were separated and 1928 Nicola Romeo left. In 1933, the state property was under the banner of the Istituto per la Riscotruzione Industriale (IRI) of Benito Mussolini’s government, which was then reorganized effective control. The company tried to return to profitability after the Second World War and turned to the mass production of small cars instead of hand-built luxury models. In 1954, he developed the Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine, which would remain in production in the 1960s and 1970s to 1994 Alfa Romeo produced a series of sporty cars, although the Italian Government parent company Finmeccanica, struggled to make a profit so that it sold the brand to the Fiat group in 1986.
Alfa Romeo has been successful in many different categories of Motorsport, including Grand Prix motor racing, Formula One, sportscar racing, touring car racing and rallies. It has competed both as a constructor and an engine supplier and private records, via works entries. The first race car in 1913 made three years after the company was founded, and Alfa Romeo won the first world championship for Grand Prix cars in 1925, the company won a good reputation in the motor sport a sporty image of the whole was the marquee. Enzo Ferrari founded the Scuderia Ferrari racing team in 1929 as Alfa Romeo racing team before being independent in 1939
Alfa Romeo Technological Development
Alfa Romeo has introduced many technological innovations in recent years, and the company has often been the first to use new technologies. His trademark double overhead camshaft was first used in the 1914 Grand Prix car, the first road car with such a motor, the 6C 1500 Sport, appeared in the 1928. Alfa Romeo checked one of the first electric injection systems Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 with “Ala Spezza” body 1940 Mille Miglia. The engine had 6 electrically-operated fuel injectors, of a semi-circulating high-pressure fuel pumping system, is supplied. Mechanical Variable Valve Timing in the Alfa Romeo Spider in the United States in 1980. Electronic Variable Valve Timing was introduced sells introduced in (Alfetta).
The Alfa Romeo Giulia 105 series was quite an advanced car technologies such as All-wheel disc brakes, plastic radiator header tank, it also had the lowest drag coefficient in its class The same trend continued with the Alfetta GTV 2000 and that had to do such as 50:50 weight distribution, standard fit alloy wheels and gears. Recent innovations include complete CAD design process in Alfa Romeo 164 used robots / paddle control Selespeed transmission is used in 156, was also the world’s first passenger car common rail diesel engine use the 156. The Multiair -an electro-hydraulic variable valve actuation technology was used in MiTo introduced in 2009.
Alfa Romeo Motorsport
Alfa Romeo since 1911, when it filed two 24 HP models involved with motorsport at the Targa Florio competition. In the 1920s and 30s, there has to win many races and driving events such as Targa Florio, Mille Miglia and the Le Mans. Great success continued with Quick Formula One, Prototypes, Touring and Touring. Private drivers also entered some rally competitions, with the fine results. Alfa Romeo has competed both as a constructor and an engine supplier, through works entries Alfa Corse, Autodelta and private entries. The Alfa Romeo factory racing team was outsourced 1933-1938 driver to Enzo Ferrari’s Scuderia Ferrari contain Tazio Nuvolari, who won 1935 Grand Prix of Germany at the Nürburgring.
Alfa Romeo Automobiles
Alfa Romeo MiTo – The Alfa Romeo MiTo is a sporty three-door compact car was officially launched on 19 June 2008 at the Castello Sforzesco in Milan, the international launch in British Motor Show was in the year of 2008. Alfa Romeo Giulietta – Alfa Romeo Giulietta is a five-door, small family car at the Geneva Motor Show 2010. It replaced the 147 officially unveiled.
Alfa Romeo 4C – The Alfa Romeo 4C is a smaller, lighter rear wheel drive two-seater coupe sports car, similar in size to Alfa Romeo MiTo. The car was a concept car at the 81st Geneva Motor Show 2011 The production version was created for the European market at the 83rd Geneva Motor Show in 2013 to life and was on the American market at the Los Angeles Motor Show at the end of November 2013 to reveals called life.