The Audi A3 is a compact car by the German automaker Audi since 1996 produced the first two generations of A3 were on the Volkswagen Group A platform, which they share is based with some other models like the Audi TT, Volkswagen Golf, Volkswagen Caddy and Volkswagen Touran and SEAT Leon, Seat Toledo and Skoda Octavia. The third generation of the Audi A3 uses the modular transverse matrix.
Audi A3 First Generation (Type 8L, 1996-2003)
The original Audi A3 (or Typ 8L) was introduced to the European market in 1996, marking Audi return to the production of smaller cars after the demise of the Audi 50 in 1978. This was the first Volkswagen Group model to the “PQ34 “or use” Audi A4 “platform, which has a contemporary, the Volkswagen Golf 4, which came a year later with a natural resemblance. Within three years, the platform had produced a total of not less than seven cars. The car was available to only present a three-door body initially a more sporty image than the Golf, in front and all-wheel drive. All engines were an inline four-cylinder configuration and were mounted transversely. After the Audi A4, the Audi A3, the second model was used in the Audi lineup to five valves per cylinder.
The UK market first received the Audi A3 in November 1996. In 1999, Audi expanded the range with the introduction of more powerful versions: a 1.8 Turbo 180 hp rated (132 kW; 178 hp) and a 1.9 TDI diesel engine with unit injector “pump die “(PD) technology and variable geometry turbocharger. The four-wheel-drive A3 1.8T quattro used either the 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) or 180 PS (130 kW; 180 hp) and the same Haldex Traction-based on-demand all-wheel drive system as the Audi S3 and the Audi TT. Also in 1999, Audi also introduced a five-door body.
Audi A3 Second Generation (Type 8P, 2003-2013)
At the 2003 Geneva Motor Show, Audi launched the second generation of the Audi A3 type 8P, designed by Gary Telaak in 2000 (although the final design in 2001 was frozen). Originally started only as a three-door model with four-cylinder engines, it featured a new automobile platform (the PQ35 platform), a redesigned and more spacious interior, new petrol engines with fuel stratified injection (FSI) and standard six-speed manual transmission.
And a 3.2 L VR6 engine with 250 hp (184; mid-2003 the line with two sports-oriented models, a 2.0 Turbo FSI version rated 200 PS (197 hp 147 kW) updated kW, 247 PS). Haldex Traction-based quattro on-demand four-wheel drive and the S-Tronic semi-automatic transmission was optional on models with the motor over 140 hp; introduced (138 hp 103 kW) (quattro is standard on the VR6).
In 2005, the “S line” trim level and offers new decorative elements were available and the three-door A3 received the same front-end styling elements such as the Sportback model. For the first time the A3 in the North American market, imported exclusively with the Sportback body, with the base 2.0 TFSI inline-four in 2005 as a 2006 model, and the 3.2 VR6 quattro was the following.
Audi A3 Third Generation (8V, 2012)
The third generation of the Audi A3 was launched in three-door hatchback form at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show to life and went on sale in Europe in September 2012 Design. Based on the modular transverse matrix, the third generation five-door “Sportback”, a four-door sedan directly rival the Mercedes-Benz CLA-Class, and a two-door convertible is available. New features found in the Audi A3 include a new entertainment system with handwriting recognition and adaptive cruise control. The front suspension is a spring strut construction while the rear uses multi-link -Hinterachse. The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Geneva Motor Show.
Early German models are 1.4 TFSI (122 hp), 1.8 TFSI (180 hp) and 2.0 TDI (150 PS). 1.2 TFSI (105 hp), 1.4 TFSI (140 hp), 1.8 TFSI quattro were included (180 hp) 1.6 TDI (105 PS) and 2.0 TDI quattro (150 PS) in 2013. The convertible model will also be available in 2014. Audi A3 1.2 TFSI stirred (105 hp) in the UK market in 2013 A3 1.4 TFSI (140 hp) at 2013.