The Mazda Miata introduced as MX-5 Miata in North America and Roadster in Japan, is a lightweight two-seater roadster with a design of front-engine, rear-wheel drive. Manufactured by Mazda in Hiroshima, Japan, the model debuted in 1989 at the Chicago Auto Show. The MX-5 was conceived as a small roadster- limited with low weight and minimal mechanical complexity only by legal and safety requirements, modern technology, but philosophically descending from small British and Italian roadsters of the 1960s such as the Spitfire Triumph, MG MGB, Fiat 124 Sport Spider Alfa Romeo Spider and Lotus Elan.
The second generation Mazda Miata(NB) was launched in 1998 to life and the current model (NC) has been in production since 2005. It remains the best-selling two-seat convertible sports car in history and by February 2011 MX-5 than 900,000 have been built and sold around the world. Since the introduction of the third generation, Mazda consolidated worldwide marketing under the name MX- 5, with the exception of North America where it is marketed as MX-5 Miata. The name is derived from the Old High German Miata for the reward.
Mazda Miata first generation, the NA, sold over 400,000 units from 1989 to 1997- with a 1.6 L (98 cu in) straight- 4 engine to 1993, engine 1.8 L (110 cu in) then (with a DE- tuned 1.6 as a budget option in some markets), recognizable by its pop-up headlights. The second generation (NB) was introduced in 1999 with a slight increase in engine power, but can be recognized by the fixed headlights and the glass rear window, but the first generation to the owner for the window design choose glass, if instead of original peak. The third generation (NC) was introduced in 2006 with a 2.0 L (120 cu in) engine. Launched at a time when production of small roadsters almost come to an end, the Alfa Romeo Spider is the only comparable volume model in production at the time of publication of the MX- fifth Only a decade earlier, had a number of similar models including the MG B, Triumph TR7, Triumph Spitfire and Fiat Spider been available.
The body is a conventional, but light, unibody or monocoque construction, with (detachable) front and rear subframes.-5 MX includes as a longitudinal reinforcement frame power (PPF) are distributed, which provides a rigid connection between the motor and the differential, and to minimize the bend-sensitive handling. Some MX-5 slip differential and anti-lock braking system. Traction control is an option on NC models. The earlier cars weighed just over a ton, with engine power 116 hp usually (87 kW). The later cars were heavier, with higher power engines.
With a weight distribution front approximately 50:50, the car has nearly neutral handling. Inducing oversteer is easy and very controllable, so that the MX-5 a popular choice for amateur and stock racing, including the United States, the Sports Car Club of Spec Miata race series Solo2 autocross and the United States and the United Kingdom, the Ma5da racing Championship. 2005-2006, The Mazda Miata has won awards including Wheels Magazine’s Car of the Year won for 1989 and 2005, ” the best sports car of the 1990s ” by Sports Car International “ten best sports cars of all time ” Car of the Year Japan and 2005 Australian Car of the Year. The Miata has annual Car and Driver Ten Best list 14 times made. In its December 2009 issue, named Grassroots Motorsports Magazine of the Miata sports car built as the most important in the previous 25 years.
New features include the use of black and silver provides for the respective coordinated soft top and hard top power cars, more aggressive looking front, a new option for luxury brown inside, better throttle transmission models brakes on all models, the implementation of active bonnet pedestrian protection, weight reduction by re- designed front bumper, new alloy wheels of 17 inches and the internal wiring. U.S. market Touring was covered by club setting with the addition of the fabric top, black headlights, black exterior mirrors, 17 ” x7 ” alloy wheels gun metal black, Bilstein shocks, limited slip differential, color board replaced body, stitched cloth seats red stripes, MX- 5 tabs and pronounced front and rear aerodynamic splitter. Colors for the new club setting only True Red, Brilliant Black Crystal Pearl White and Silver Metallic Liquid. Japanese model went on sale in dealerships of Mazda and Mazda Anfini.