Smart Cars is a division of Daimler AG, which manufactures and markets the Smart Fortwo. Headquartered in Böblingen, Germany, a number of smart vehicles has put on the market and has its main manufacturing plant in Hambach, France. Annette Winkler has served as CEO of SMART Technologies since 2010. The design concept for Smart cars began connected with Swatch in the late 1980s. After a period of support by the Volkswagen the first model was finally Daimler-Benz in October 1998 launched several variations on the original design have been introduced with the original design, called the Fortwo, now in its second generation, and as available electric version. Smart models will be marketed worldwide, including in Asia, North and South America, Australia and Europe and are in combustion, electrical and Sport models.
Three co-directors were immediately named the new Head Office: designer and engineer Johann Christoph Baubin Tomforde and financial manager of Daimler-Benz and Marketing Director Hans Jürg Schär, who led the original Swatch marketing campaigns in the mid-1980s. Tomforde had on the Mercedes City Car project at Daimler-Benz since 1990, produces the above Eco Sprinter and Eco Speedster Concept and the Vision-A concept, which eventually became the Mercedes-Benz A-Class. One of the first controversies MCC was the name of the car itself Nicolas Hayek insisted they keep Swatch in any way: “Swatch” or “Swatch car”. Daimler-Benz refused and pushed a neutral name. The final selection was smart, an abbreviation, which had previously been used internally by MCC for Swatch Mercedes Art.
In May 1994, the co-directors had identified 74 potential sites for the assembly plant. Hambach, France: The last page was announced on 20 December 1994. The purpose-built factory quickly gained the nickname “Smart Ville”. The model range was later extended to the Roadster include a rear-engine, rear-wheel drive and four-door, four-seater small car aptly named Forfour. Not to increase the expansion of profits in the company; smart GmbH lost nearly 4 billion euros from 2003 to 2006, plans were adopted to increase the profitability of the company and to integrate its operations with Daimler.
In 2005, Daimler decided against purchasing a share of 50% in the Dutch NedCar plant used to produce the ForFour, ending its production. A planned SUV called Formore was terminated because the assembly plant in Brazil was equipped with machines, and the production of the Roadster was set. In 2006, after falling sales and heavy financial losses smart GmbH was liquidated and its operations were absorbed directly by DaimlerChrysler. Intelligent trading under the new Mercedes-Benz Cars, Daimler AG and exclusively offers the Fortwo coupe and convertible models.
In addition to the original short Smart Fortwo, Smart Roadster sporting a limited production of 2,000 former concept SmartCross and a small car Smart Forfour were also offered. These were now been set. There are also plans to introduce the French made cross-over, based on the body of the ForFour and the AWD hardware of the Mercedes C-Class with the name Formore but industrialization, this was canceled at the 11th hour by unfavorable exchange rate fluctuations and spending cuts losses Smart-driven elsewhere in.
Smart Electric Versions
An all-electric version of the Fortwo, the smart fortwo electric drive, the development in began in 2006 field trials started in London with 100 units in 2007, and the second generation, produced with a total of 2,000 units, was introduced in 2009 and available in 18 markets around the world for lease or by car2go car-sharing service in San Diego and Amsterdam. The production of second generation Smart Fortwo electric drive began in November 2009 in Hambach, France. The Smart ED have provided a lithium-ion battery from Tesla Motors with a capacity of 14 kilowatt hours (50 MJ). The range of a battery charge up to 135 km (84 miles) in the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) cycle. Official all-electric range of the US Environmental Protection Agency 63 miles (101 km) and rated the Smart ED with a combined fuel economy of 87 miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent (mpg-e.
The smart fortwo electric drive of the third generation to be launched in the US and Europe after the second quarter of 2013 and Daimler AG plans to mass-produce the electric car with availability in 30 markets worldwide. The smart fortwo electric drive of the third generation was unveiled in September 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show. The main differences with the second-generation model features a powerful electric motor, improved acceleration and top speed, a new lithium-ion battery with which to 140 kilometer increase the range (87 km), and an option for the quick fee are available. eSmart is a smart fortwo electric conversion. It features a 40-km range with AGM batteries (100 km by lithium-ion batteries).
Smart vehicles with a very small front crumple zone. The Smart Fortwo has been awarded 4 out of 5 stars in the Euro NCAP adult occupant protection and 2 out of 4 stars for pedestrian protection test, but was not tested for children occupant protection, since it has no rear seats. The original Smart was awarded 3 out of 5 stars for adult occupant protection. In American tests with a five-star rating smart received a four-star safety rating for the driver of a frontal impact and a five-star safety rating for the driver of a side impact.
Smart also received good rating for front and side impact protection in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) tests. However, in an April 2009 40 mph frontal offset crash test between a Smart Fortwo and the Mercedes C-Class, “the intelligent air went and turned around 450 degrees” caused “extensive intervention in the space around the dummy from head to toe”. The IIHS rated the Smart Fortwo “arms,” noting that “multiple injuries, including, suitable to the head would be a real driver of a Smart in a similar collision.”