Toyota Corolla is a line of subcompact and compact cars manufactured by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has become very popular throughout the world since the nameplate was first introduced in 1966. In 1997, the Corolla became the best selling nameplate in the world, surpassing the Volkswagen Beetle.Over Corolla 39 million have been sold since 2012. series has undergone several major renovations.
name “Corolla” is part of the culture of the denomination of using the name Crown for Toyota basic models: the Corona, for example, gets its name from the Latin crown Latin Corolla small crown and Camry are statements anglicized Japan for the crown, Kanmuri. Corolla has always been unique in Japan Toyota Corolla areas of the park, and manufactured in Japan and twin, called the Toyota Sprinter, sold in Japanese specialty Toyota Toyota dealer called Auto Save, then the name Toyota Vista Park in 1980. first generation Corolla was introduced in October 1966 and the new 1100 cc engine rod K. Corolla Sprinter was introduced as the fastback version in 1968, and the unique selling point of Toyota Japan Toyota dealership called Save Auto.
May 1970, the E20 was restyled with a more rounded body and the 1400 cc T and 1600 cc 2T OHV engines were added range. Now names are used mutually exclusive Corolla and Sprinter to separate between two slightly different treatments of sheet metal and cut. Corolla Levin and Sprinter Trueno names were introduced as the best performance version of the Corolla and Sprinter respectively, while the twin cam version of the 2T engine was introduced in March 1972. In Australia, only 3K Power 2 door KE20 was available as cars and trucks / Panelvan. The brakes are no additional registration system established in the front and rear drums. Front stabilizer bar, rear sway bar but. Party is not compatible with later models.
April 1974 brought rounder, bigger and heavier Corolla and sprinters. range is completed with the addition of a two-door liftback. Corolla e30 numbers were given while sprinters were given E40 codes. March 1976 facelift saw most Corolla e30 E50 replaced by equivalent models and most Sprinter models were replaced by E40 E60 equivalent. Corolla E30 was fitted with a retracting front seat belts.
In Australia, KE3x was available as a 4-door sedan, 2-door sedan, 2 door panlevan (KE36) and 4 door wagon (KE38). Both were motorized and manual gearbox 3K K40 or three-speed automatic. The sprinters were not available. KE5x Later models were available as a 4-door sedan and 2-door coupe with 4K engine. KE55 was 50 kilos heavier due to the addition of side protection impract on doors, but due to the changes in the metal body and sealing the seam which are prone to oxidation. Later KE55 also used plastic bumper end bars he put all the chrome bumpers of previous models, but is far behind the sway bar first.
major restyle in March 1979 brought a square edged design. Corolla had a simple treatment of the grill, headlights and taillights while the Sprinter used a bit more complex, sculptured treatment. The new series of engines have been added to various changes in the race. This was the last model to use K “hicam” and T series engines The fuel injection was introduced as an extra cost option for the Japanese auto market.
sloping front hood and sharp unadorned style contemporary was hired in May 1983. The new engine of 1839 cc 1C diesel engine was added to the range and E80 Series. From 1985, re-badged E80 sprinters were sold in the U.S. as the fifth generation Chevrolet Nova. The fuel injection was introduced as an additional option cost worldwide. Most models now used the front wheel drive layout except the AE85 and AE86, which were the last Corolla offered in rear-wheel drive or FR layout. AE85 and AE86 chassis codes were also used for the Sprinter. Sprinter was nearly identical to the Corolla, differing only in body design minor such as pop-up headlights.
The more rounded and aerodynamic was used for the E90 introduced in May 1987. Overall this generation has a more refined than the older Corolla and other older subcompacts. Most models were now front wheel drive, along with some models of All-Trac 4WD. Many motors are used in a wide range of models and finish levels, ranging from 1.3 liters 2E 165 horsepower supercharged GZE 4A. Sprinter E90 also rebranded and sold as the Geo Prizm or Holden Nova.
Toyota Corolla Safety
U.S. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety rated the 1998-2002 models as “Acceptable” in its 40 mph (64 km / h) frontal offset crash test. Initially, the 2003 models were “good” in general, but received a “marginal” in the injury of left foot protection. return to start in December 2002, which continues through 2008 model year Corolla given a rating of “good” in all aspects of the test. Corolla models from model year 2005 2008 with air bags were optional side curtain rating of “acceptable” in the side impact test, in large part due to the rating of “marginal” in the structure / design of the safety cage . Otherwise, the protection rates of injury for the driver and rear passenger were good except for driver pelvis / leg injury in that was “acceptable”. Corolla from model year 2009 onwards, with side air bags standard curtain received a “Good” in both frontal offset test and side impact.