Volkswagen Jetta is a car of the C segment produced by the German automaker Volkswagen Group for the Volkswagen Passenger Cars brand since 1979. Positioned to fill a sedan niche above the firm that offers the hatchback Golf, has been marketed over six generations diverse as the Atlantic, Fox, Vento, Bora, City Jetta, Jetta City, GLI, Jetta and Sagitar.
Volkswagen Jetta originally adapted by adding a conventional trunk Golf hatchback, and some differences in style. It has been offered in two and four-door sedan and five-door estate versions – all as five seats. Since 2005, more than 6.6 million vehicles have been sold worldwide, over one-third in the U.S. only. Since the original version in 1980, the car has grown in size and power with each successive generation. In mid-2011, nearly 10 million Jetta have been produced and sold worldwide.
Volkswagen Jetta plate is a reference to ‘jet stream’ Atlantic, reflecting the period in Volkswagen’s history when it named vehicles after prominent winds. These also included the Volkswagen Passat, Volkswagen Bora, Volkswagen Scirocco.
Although the course had achieved considerable success in North American markets, Volkswagen observed that the hatchback body style lacked some of the appeal to those who preferred the traditional three-box configuration. the style of the 1970 AMC Gremlin was controversial for truncating the Hornet sedan, but Volkswagen stylists reversed the process essentially grafting a new trunk to the tail of the Golf to produce large Jetta Saloon. Jetta became the best-selling European car in the U.S., Canada and Mexico. car is also very popular in Europe, including Britain, Germany and Turkey. Jetta brought into the world in 1979 Frankfurt Auto Show. Production of the first generation began in August 1979 at the Wolfsburg plant. In Mexico the Generation One was known as the “Volkswagen Atlantic”.
Mark 2 series is the longest running Volkswagen Jetta so far. Introduced in Europe in early 1984 and in North America in 1985, the second generation Jetta proved to be a bestseller Volkswagen. car secured the title of best-selling European car in North America, Farmers Journal COTY 1991 and outsold similar Golf by two to one in that market. According platform-new second generation Golf, the car was larger, heavier, and could seat five people instead of four as in the Mark 1. Exterior dimensions increased in all directions. Overall length increased by 100 mm, wheelbase grew 66 mm, and the width went up 53 millimeters. suspension setup was essentially unchanged from the first generation, even mildly refined, for example, by the inclusion of a separate subframe for mounting the front control arms to help noise isolation as well as improved of rubber mountings for all components. Very good aerodynamics, and drag coefficient of 0.36. A compartment of 470 liters of luggage, the trunk had grown nearly as large as some full-size sedans States. Oracle also increased 14%, which changed the EPA class from sub-compact compact.
Cars built in Germany gathered in a brand new plant in Wolfsburg in Assembly Hall 54. The plant was highly robotised in an effort to make build quality more consistent. The second-generation innovations include optional trip computer, such as silicone dampened engine mounts and transmission to reduce levels of noise, vibration and harshness. In 1988, the fuel injection system fully advanced electronics became available. This process is known as the engine management system Digifant.
For the third generation, the Volkswagen Jetta name was discontinued, and was officially named the Volkswagen Vento in European countries, following the story of the cars mentioned for wind, was released in 1992. Jetta 3 debuted in North America in 1993 after production delays and quality problems at the Volkswagen plant in Puebla, Mexico. name “Vento” means “wind” in both Portuguese and Italian. It was released in most of Europe in the first quarter, though not arrive in the British market until September 1992. Due to the success of the second generation in North America, Volkswagen decided to keep the Jetta nameplate. However, in Europe the car was given a new name to appeal to a younger market.
Production of the fourth generation car began in July 1999. Following the wind nomenclature, the car was known as the Volkswagen Bora in much of the world. Bora is a cold wind blowing at intervals along the Adriatic Sea, as well as in parts of Greece, Russia, Turkey, and in the Sliven region of Bulgaria. In North America and South Africa, the Jetta moniker was again kept on due to the popularity of the car in these markets.
Generation 4 debuted shortly after his older brother, Volkswagen Passat, and includes many details of style. rounded shape and arched roofline served as the new Volkswagen style, leaving traditional sharp creases for more curved corners. MK4 is the hallmark of his office Whiptenna to the antenna in the rear of the roof, which aims to involve less drag than traditional antennas due to its short length and leeward position. For the first time, the rear passenger doors differed from those of the Golf 5-door. The car was also offered as an asset. New in this some advanced options such as rain sensor controlled windshield wipers and automatic climate control and generation. However, these were expensive extras and many buyers did not specify them on their cars, as a result the used market is full of examples of some people and equipment.
Fifth generation debuted at the Los Angeles Auto Show on January 5, 2005. It was only the second Volkswagen product to make its world debut at the motor show in the U.S.. Furthermore, the Generation Five saloon went on sale in the United States before any other country, reflecting the importance of the car in that market for Volkswagen. U.S. $ 800 million was spent improving the factory in Puebla for its production. This includes U.S. $ 290 million new engine production line plant feed 5-cylinder, $ 50 million investment in the press shop, as well as $ 200 million purchase of 460 robots, which increased automation by 80% .
Although produced in great abundance in Mexico, final assembly of the car also takes place in China and South Africa to the respective markets. If the initial production of the second generation in China, Asian and African plants build the car from a complete knock-down kit shipped from the factory in Puebla. Local compliance in Kaluga, Russia started in early 2008.
The sixth generation Volkswagen Jetta , known as the NCS during its development, was announced in the North American market in June 2010. The new model is larger and cheaper to produce than the previous Volkswagen Jetta making the vehicle more competitive against rivals such as the Toyota Corolla and Honda Civic as part of Volkswagen’s goal of reaching sales of 800,000 units on the market North America in 2018. Production of the vehicle is at Volkswagen’s house Puebla, Mexico, facility. sixth generation Volkswagen Jetta was primarily designed by Volkswagen Mexico under the supervision of Volkswagen in Germany and 70% of the parts are designed and manufactured in Mexico.
From 2008-2010, Volkswagen and the Sports Car Club of America hosted the Volkswagen Jetta TDI Cup, the factory prepared 2009 Jetta TDI. For 2010 SCCA World Challenge season, Irish Mike’s Racing on a campaign tour vehicle Glis class. BURAS Todd won rounds 1 and 2 at the Grand Prix of St. Petersburg and round 10 at Virginia International Raceway while Chip Herr won round 4 at Mosport.
September 30, 2011, Volkswagen of America announced a recall involving 2009-2012 Jetta and Jetta Sportwagen TDI with 2.0 liter engine, this note points to the resonance condition and the line number 2 fuel injector and fuel injector pulse, causing small cracks in the line which may leak.